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General guidelines

Tiesu standards. Rokasgrāmata, kad procesā piedalās cilvēks ar invaliditāti - Judicial Standard. Manual when a person with a disability participates in a process


Publication date
1 January 2024
Apeirons (Association of Disabled People and their Friends)
  • Latvian
  • 2024


The Judicial Standard is a daily guide for every judge and court employee that will help them communicate successfully when they encounter people with different types of disabilities at work.

The Judicial standard includes:

  • The main directions for what to do if people with different types of disabilities (visual, auditory, motor or mental impairments) visit the court.
  • Five chapters: The first tells the story of universal design, what it is, and what we expect from the courts.
  • A checklist to help you understand whether your particular workplace is adapted for the reception of people with different types of disabilities.
  • Information on each type of disability, for example, a brief description of what is essential to know about the specific impairments, what needs to be ensured, and how to communicate correctly and act when people with disabilities are present at the trial.


  1.  Application fairness. Doors are suitable for all people, and the location and type of door do not discriminate against any group of people. Moreover, everyone uses the same door. No person needs to ask for help when using the door. A bad example is a double-leaf door, for which one sash is usually fixed. For a person moving in a wheelchair to enter the room, for example, he needs to ask someone to open the other door leaf since the width of one sash is insufficient.
  2. Variety of applications. In the given situation, it is not necessary to artificially schedule a diverse application for the door. Another use can be imagined; for example, the door provides a window function, or a cash desk is embedded in the door. However, in this specific case, another application for the door is not required.
  3. Simple and intuitive design. The doors of the courtroom in the building are more important, for example than the doors of the pantry or some kind of cabinet, so the design of the door must testify to this. They should be such that a person walking down the hallway intuitively (without reading the indications) understands there is a courtroom behind this door. For example, doors are more luxurious, higher or wider than the others.
  4. Perceptible information. A person perceives the environment with one of the senses and processes it in the brain, obtaining information. In this case, for example, a person with poor eyesight needs to find a door against the background of the rest of the room. This means that a person must receive information about the location of the door in the room. One solution is to make the door contrast against the background of the wall, for example, making the door jamb darker than the wall.
  5. Tolerance for errors when using. People make mistakes, so the design should be such that these mistakes are allowed. For example, people tend not to close the door behind them or, when closing the door, slam it, making noise that may disturb the court proceedings. To prevent this, it is possible to install a door-closing mechanism that prevents the door from closing with noise simultaneously and closing them slow down. This is an example of how human mistakes have different consequences and are not always tragic; however, design should also consider situations of this kind.
  6. Requires a little physical effort. Everyone has encountered cases when the door is very difficult to open. When choosing a closer mechanism, door handle, or hinges, it is necessary to consider how much force a person will have to use to open the door. If the door is indeed heavy and the weight of the opening cannot be reduced to a reasonable level, it is necessary to install, for example, an electric door opening.
  7. Used the required size and space. Since people are of different heights and widths and use different technical aids, doors of the appropriate width are required. Doors are also used to move some equipment, so there are norms and standards that explain the required minimum dimensions for a specific target group. 


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2 MAY 2024
Tiesu standards - Rokasgrāmata, kad procesā piedalās cilvēks ar invaliditāti